Second, the United States authorizes a foreign tax credit that allows for the impact of income tax paid abroad on U.S. income tax debt due to foreign income that is not covered by that exclusion. The foreign tax credit is not allowed for the tax paid on activity income, which is excluded by the rules described above (i.e. not a double immersion). [17] If you live in one EU country and live in another country, the tax rules applicable to your income depend on national laws and double taxation agreements between these two countries – and the rules may differ considerably from those that determine the country responsible for social security issues. Under UK regulations, he is not domiciled and, in the United Kingdom, he is taxable only on his income from the United Kingdom. Mark remains resident in Germany and is therefore taxable on his global income. The Double Taxation Convention tells Mark that the UK has the primary right to tax income and that if Germany also wants to tax it, the foreign tax credit method should be used to avoid double taxation. A tax treaty is a bilateral (bipartisan) agreement between two countries to resolve issues related to the double taxation of each citizen`s passive and active income.

Income tax agreements generally determine the amount of tax a country can apply on a taxpayer`s income, capital, estate or wealth. An income tax agreement is also called the Double Tax Agreement (DBA). Cyprus has 45 double taxation agreements and is negotiating with many other countries. Under these agreements, a credit is normally accepted against the tax collected by the country in which the taxpayer is established for taxes collected in the other contracting country, resulting in the taxpayer not paying more than the higher of the two rates. Some contracts provide for an additional tax credit that would otherwise have been due had it not been provided for incentives in the other country, which would have resulted in an exemption or tax reduction. There are two types of double taxation: double taxation and double economic taxation. In the first case, where the source rule overlaps, the tax is collected by two or more countries, in accordance with their national legislation, for the same transaction, the income is born or applies in their respective jurisdictions.